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Moisturizing Basics (Dry Skin)
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Moisturizing Basics

The skin is composed of three primary layers, the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis. The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin, which provides waterproofing and protection from various infections. 80% of the epidermis is made of water content, a similar proportion to other cells in the body. The epidermis is further divided into sub-layers. The uppermost layer is called the stratum corneum, which is comprised of dead skin cells.

The stratum corneum functions as a protective layer of fat, sebum, and dead skin that locks moisture in. This uppermost layer, which only contains 10 to 30% water content becomes dry, we suffer from what we normally call dry skin. The skin loses its lustre, the hands can dry and fissure, and our skin becomes more prone to bacterial or fungal infections.

Moisturizers are made of a combination of occlusive and humectants, helping the epidermis reduce water loss. In addition to moisturizing the skin and preventing harm that is caused by dry skin, it also offers other tertiary benefits: Added skin protection against dirt and soot, a reduction in skin pore appearance, a reduction of wrinkles, and a temporary feeling of smoothness. Moisturizers vary depending on skin type, and in general individuals with oily skin do not require moisturizers.

Here are some tips on moisturizers

  • Moisturizers can greatly benefit individuals with dry skin. They should be applied sparingly when the skin is prone to drying, such as during the winter, or after washing.
  • Moisturizers are most effective when applied multiple times during the day, rather than having one concentrated application.
  • Choose a moisturizer with an oil-silicone base for applying to the hands, as it is a water repellent.
  • Oil-silicone will not allow the fats of the skin surface to be washed away, protecting the skin after washing.


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